Highest Waterfalls in India

 Waterfalls in India

  • A waterfall is a section of a stream or river where water falls over a vertical drop or a succession of sharp drops. Meltwater cascades over the edge of a tabular iceberg or ice shelf, forming waterfalls.
  • Waterfalls are typically generated as lakes flow into valleys in high mountains in the upper course of a river.
  • A plunge pool (also known as a plunge basin or a waterfall lake) is a deep dip in a stream bed near the base of a waterfall or a shut-in. The erosional forces of cascading water on the rocks at the formation’s base, where the water impacts, create it.
  • Because waterfalls can limit dispersal along streams, they are a significant element in controlling the distribution of lotic creatures like fish and aquatic invertebrates. Differences in trophic regimes above and below waterfalls can be caused by the presence or lack of specific species, which can have cascading ecological implications. Certain aquatic insects are also experts in the waterfall’s habitat.

Types of Waterfall

  • Ledge waterfall: Water descends vertically over a vertical cliff, maintaining partial contact with the bedrock.
  • Cataract: A large, powerful waterfall.
  • Horsetail: Descending water maintains some contact with bedrock.
  • Plunge: Fast-moving water descends vertically, losing contact with the bedrock surface.
  • Block: Water descends from a relatively wide stream or river.
  • Multi-step: A series of waterfalls one after another of roughly the same size each with its own sunken plunge pool.
  • Segmented: Distinctly separate flows of water form as it descends.
  • Cascade: Water descends a series of rock steps.
  • Punchbowl: Water descends in a constricted form and then spreads out in a wider pool.
  • Tiered: Water drops in a series of distinct steps or falls.
  • Fan: Water spreads horizontally as it descends while remaining in contact with bedrock.
  • Moulin: A moulin is a waterfall in a glacier.
Waterfalls in India Location Height Metre/Feet Feature
Kunchikal Falls Shimoga district, Karnataka 455 metres (1,493 ft) Tiered, Highest waterfall in India
Barehipani Falls Mayurbhanj district, Odisha 399 metres (1,309 ft) 2 tiered waterfalls
Nohkalikai Falls East Khasi Hills district, Meghalaya 340m (1115 feet) tallest plunge type waterfalls
Nohsngithiang Falls or Mawsmai Falls East Khasi Hills district, Meghalaya 315 metres (1,033 ft) segmented type waterfalls
Dudhsagar Falls Karnataka and Goa 310 m(1017 feet) 4 tiered waterfalls
Kynrem Falls East Khasi Hills district, Meghalaya 305 metres (1,001 ft) 3 tiered waterfalls
Meenmutty Falls Wayanad district, Kerala 300 metres (984 feet) 3 tiered waterfalls/ segmented type
Thalaiyar Falls Batlagundu, Dindigul district, Tamil Nadu 297 metres (974 ft) horsetail type waterfalls
Vajrai Falls Satara district, Maharashtra 260 metres (853 ft) 3 tiered, 2nd tallest plunge type waterfall
Barkana Falls Shimoga district, Karnataka 259 metres (850 ft) tiered waterfalls
Jog Falls Shimoga district, Karnataka 253 metres (830 ft) cascade waterfalls
Khandadhar Falls Kendujhar district & Sundergarh district, Odisha 244 metres (801 ft) Horse tail type falls
Vantawng Falls Serchhip district, Mizoram 229 metres (751 ft) 2 tiered waterfalls
Kune Falls Pune district, Maharashtra 200 metres (660 ft) 3 tiered waterfalls
Soochipara Falls, Thoseghar Waterfalls Wayanad district, Kerala, Satara district Maharashtra 200 metres (656 feet) 3 tiered waterfalls
Magod Falls Uttara Kannada district, Karnataka 198 metres (650 ft) 2 tiered/Segmented waterfalls
Joranda Falls Mayurbhanj district, Odisha 181 metres (594 ft) plunge type waterfalls
Hebbe Falls Chikkamagaluru district, Karnataka 168 metres (551 ft) 2 tiered waterfalls
Duduma Falls the border of Koraput (Odisha) and Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh) 157 metres (515 ft) plunge type waterfalls
Palani Falls Kullu district, Himachal Pradesh 150 metres (490 ft) Surge waterfalls
Lodh Falls Latehar district, Jharkhand 143 metres (469 ft) 2 tiered waterfalls
Bahuti Falls Mauganj, Rewa district, Madhya Pradesh 198 metres (650 ft) 2 tiered waterfalls, tallest waterfall in madhya Pradesh
Bishop Falls East Khasi Hills district, Meghalaya 135 metres (443 ft) 3 tiered waterfalls
Chachai Falls Rewa district, Madhya Pradesh 130 metres (430 ft) on bihad river, comes down from Rewa Plateau
Keoti Falls Rewa district, Madhya Pradesh 130 metres (430 ft) segmented type waterfall
Kalhatti Falls Chikkamagaluru district, Karnataka 122 metres (400 ft)
Beadon Falls East Khasi Hills district, Meghalaya 120 metres (390 ft) 3 tiered waterfall, twin of Bishop Falls
Keppa Falls Uttara Kannada district, Karnataka 116 metres (381 ft) fan type waterfall
Koosalli Falls Udupi, Karnataka 116 metres (381 ft) 6 tiered waterfall
Dabbe falls Shivamogga, Sagar, Karnataka 110 metres(360 ft)
Pandavgad Falls Thane, Maharashtra 107 metres (351 ft) Plunge waterfall
Rajat Prapat Hoshangabad district, Madhya Pradesh 107 metres (351 ft) horsetail type waterfall
Bundla Falls kaimur district bihar 100 metres (330 ft)
Vantawng Falls Serchhip district, Mizoram 230 metres (750 ft) 2 tiered waterfalls
Shivanasamudra Falls Chamarajanagar District, Karnataka 98 metres (322 ft) segmented type
Lower Ghaghri Falls Latehar district, Jharkhand 98 metres (322 ft) cascade waterfalls
Hundru Falls Ranchi district, Jharkhand 98 metres (322 ft) segmented type
Sweet Falls East Khasi Hills district, Meghalaya 96 metres (315 ft) horsetail type
Agaya Gangai Namakkal, Tamil Nadu 92 metres (302 ft) 1 tiered/segmented waterfalls
Gatha Falls Panna district, Madhya Pradesh 91 metres (299 ft)
Teerathgarh Falls Baster district, Chhattisgarh 91 metres (299 ft) Block type Waterfall
Kiliyur Falls Yercaud, Tamil Nadu 91 metres (299 ft) fan type waterfall
Kudumari Falls Udupi district, Karnataka 91 metres (299 ft) horsetail type waterfall
Muthyala Maduvu Falls Bangalore rural district, Karnataka 91 metres (299 ft)
Tirathgarh Falls Bastar district, Chhattisgarh 91 metres (299 ft) horsetail type waterfall
Langshiang Falls West Khasi Hills district, Meghalaya 85 metres (279 ft)
Talakona falls Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh 82 metres (269 ft) highest waterfall in andhra pradesh
Kakolat Falls Nawada district, Bihar 50 metres (160 ft) cataract waterfall
Athirappilly Falls Thrissur district, Kerala 25 metres (82 ft) Block/Segmented type waterfall

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