Highest Peak of Western Ghats

Western Ghats: A World Heritage Site

  • The Western Ghats are a mountain range that runs parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula, covering 160,000 km2 (62,000 sq mi) and passing through the states of Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the world’s eight biological biodiversity hotspots.
  • The Great Escarpment of India is another name for it. It houses a substantial chunk of the country’s flora and fauna, many of which are unique to India and cannot be found anywhere else on the planet. The Western Ghats are older than the Himalayas, according to UNESCO. By intercepting rain-laden monsoon winds that sweep in from the south-west during late summer, they influence Indian monsoon weather patterns.
  • The range spans north to south along the western edge of the Deccan Plateau, separating it from a short coastal plain along the Arabian Sea known as the Konkan. In 2012, thirty-nine places in the Western Ghats were classified as world heritage sites, comprising national parks, animal sanctuaries, and reserve forests — twenty in Kerala, ten in Karnataka, six in Tamil Nadu, and four in Maharashtra.
  • The range begins at the Gujarat town of Songadh, south of the Tapti river, and stretches for around 1,600 kilometers (990 miles) across Maharashtra, Karnataka, Goa, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu, ending at Marunthuvazh Malai, Swamithope near India’s southern point in Tamil Nadu. These hills cover 160,000 km2 (62,000 sq mi) and serve as the catchment area for India’s complicated riverine drainage systems, which drain over 40% of the country. Southwest monsoon winds are blocked from reaching the Deccan Plateau by the Western Ghats. [requires citation] The average elevation is approximately 1,200 meters (3,900 ft).
  • The region is one of the top ten “hottest biodiversity hotspots” in the planet. There are 7,402 blooming plant species, 1,814 non-flowering plant species, 139 animal species, 508 bird species, 179 amphibian species, 6,000 insect species, and 290 freshwater fish species in the park. Many undiscovered species are thought to reside in the Western Ghats. The Western Ghats are home to at least 325 globally threatened species. The biodiversity on this island is comparable to that of the Amazon Rainforest.
  • Furthermore, the most important habitat is natural in-situ biological variety protection, particularly habitats holding vulnerable species of exceptional universal significance in terms of research and preservation. It’s one of the eight hottest hot spots of biological diversity in the world, aside from the global globe Heritage website.

Peaks of Western Ghats

  • Anaimudi (2695m), Doddabetta (2636m), Mukurthi (2554m), Kodaikanal (1712m), Bababudangiri (1895m), Kudremukh (1894m), Agasthymalai (1866m), Pushpagiri (1712m), Kalsubai (1646m), and Salher (1646m) are the highest peaks associated with the western Ghats (1567m). The Western Ghats also contain the significant slopes of Ooty (2500m) and Kodaikanal (2285m).
  • The Coorg or Kodagu is a section of the Western Ghats that was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List on July 1, 2012, during the World History Committee’s meeting in St. Petersburg, Russia.
  • The Ghats begin in Gujarat and run about 1600 kilometers through six states: Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala, before ending in Kanyakumari, Asia’s southernmost point.
  • The tropical and subtropical forests that offer meals and normal habitats for indigenous tribal people make up the Ghats, which are definitely western in nature. The site is sensitive to development from an ecological standpoint. Asia’s government has established various protected areas, including two biosphere reserves, 13 national parks, and animal reserves, to name a few, to safeguard endangered species.
  • The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserves (5500 km2) comprising Mudumalai National Park, as well as Mukurthi National Park in Kerala and Tamil Nadu, are critical locations. In addition, when looking at the southern regions of the Western Ghats, there are tiger reserves in Mudumalai (Coimbatore), Anamalai (Nilgiri District), and Munda Thurai (Tirunelveli and Kanniyakumari districts). The strong characteristics of the ecosystem of the important world history site can be improved by wise use of sources and preservation measures.

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